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2021 discount The Lucifer Effect: Understanding 2021 How Good outlet online sale People Turn Evil sale

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What makes good people do bad things? How can moral people be seduced to act immorally? Where is the line separating good from evil, and who is in danger of crossing it?

Renowned social psychologist Philip Zimbardo has the answers, and in The Lucifer Effect he explains how–and the myriad reasons why–we are all susceptible to the lure of “the dark side.” Drawing on examples from history as well as his own trailblazing research, Zimbardo details how situational forces and group dynamics can work in concert to make monsters out of decent men and women.

Zimbardo is perhaps best known as the creator of the Stanford Prison Experiment. Here, for the first time and in detail, he tells the full story of this landmark study, in which a group of college-student volunteers was randomly divided into “guards” and “inmates” and then placed in a mock prison environment. Within a week the study was abandoned, as ordinary college students were transformed into either brutal, sadistic guards or emotionally broken prisoners.

By illuminating the psychological causes behind such disturbing metamorphoses, Zimbardo enables us to better understand a variety of harrowing phenomena, from corporate malfeasance to organized genocide to how once upstanding American soldiers came to abuse and torture Iraqi detainees in Abu Ghraib. He replaces the long-held notion of the “bad apple” with that of the “bad barrel”–the idea that the social setting and the system contaminate the individual, rather than the other way around.

This is a book that dares to hold a mirror up to mankind, showing us that we might not be who we think we are. While forcing us to reexamine what we are capable of doing when caught up in the crucible of behavioral dynamics, though, Zimbardo also offers hope. We are capable of resisting evil, he argues, and can even teach ourselves to act heroically. Like Hannah Arendt’s Eichmann in Jerusalem and Steven Pinker’s The Blank Slate, The Lucifer Effect is a shocking, engrossing study that will change the way we view human behavior.

From Publishers Weekly

Psychologist Zimbardo masterminded the famous Stanford Prison Experiment, in which college students randomly assigned to be guards or inmates found themselves enacting sadistic abuse or abject submissiveness. In this penetrating investigation, he revisits—at great length and with much hand-wringing—the SPE study and applies it to historical examples of injustice and atrocity, especially the Abu Ghraib outrages by the U.S. military. His troubling finding is that almost anyone, given the right "situational" influences, can be made to abandon moral scruples and cooperate in violence and oppression. (He tacks on a feel-good chapter about "the banality of heroism," with tips on how to resist malign situational pressures.) The author, who was an expert defense witness at the court-martial of an Abu Ghraib guard, argues against focusing on the dispositions of perpetrators of abuse; he insists that we blame the situation and the "system" that constructed it, and mounts an extended indictment of the architects of the Abu Ghraib system, including President Bush. Combining a dense but readable and often engrossing exposition of social psychology research with an impassioned moral seriousness, Zimbardo challenges readers to look beyond glib denunciations of evil-doers and ponder our collective responsibility for the world''s ills. 23 photos. (Apr. 3)
Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

From Booklist

Social psychologist Zimbardo is best known as the father of the 1971 Stanford Prison Experiment, which used a simulated prison populated with student volunteers to illustrate the extent to which identity is situated within a social setting; student volunteers randomly chosen to play guards became cruel and authoritarian, while those playing inmates became rebellious and depressed. With this book, Zimbardo couples a thorough narrative of the Stanford Prison Experiment with an analysis of the social dynamics of the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq, arguing that the "experimental dehumanization" of the former is instructive in understanding the abusive conduct of guards at the latter. This comparison, which is the book''s core insight, is embedded in a sprawling discussion about situational influences that cobbles together a discussion of the psychology of evil, a strong criticism of the Bush administration, and a chapter celebrating heroism and calling for greater social bravery. This account''s Abu Ghraib focus will generate demand. Brendan Driscoll
Copyright © American Library Association. All rights reserved

About the Author

Philip Zimbardo is professor emeritus of psychology at Stanford University and has also taught at Yale University, New York University, and Columbia University. He is the co-author of Psychology and Life and author of Shyness, which together have sold more than 2.5 million copies. Zimbardo has been president of the American Psychological Association and is now director of the Stanford Center on Interdisciplinary Policy, Education, and Research on Terrorism. He also narrated the award-winning PBS series Discovering Psychology, which he helped create. In 2004, he acted as an expert witness in the court-martial hearings of one of the American army reservists accused of criminal behavior in the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq. His informative website, www.prisonexperiment.org is visited by millions every year. Visit the author’s personal website at www.zimbardo.com.

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4.6 out of 54.6 out of 5
1,702 global ratings

Top reviews from the United States

Ned D Ferguson
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
There are no Good Apples
Reviewed in the United States on June 17, 2019
It’s hard to know precisely what Zimbardo believes his research shows, since he is so adept at shifting his rhetoric in midstream. I think it serves to hide his inconsistencies. I actually think this is a good book with many keen observations. The problem is its inadequate... See more
It’s hard to know precisely what Zimbardo believes his research shows, since he is so adept at shifting his rhetoric in midstream. I think it serves to hide his inconsistencies. I actually think this is a good book with many keen observations. The problem is its inadequate view of human nature. When Zimbardo is most forceful, his analysis is approximately as follows: There are no bad apples, only bad barrels. Bad apples (people who behave badly) are actually “good apples” that are corrupted by bad barrels (bad systems or circumstances.)

He then somewhat contradicts himself by saying that he doesn’t mean people are not responsible for their actions, only that the outside forces acting on them should be considered in evaluating their guilt. I do agree with this. People do not exist in a vacuum and mitigating circumstances should always be considered. We should be able to empathize with other human beings without completely excusing them. But how is this different from the way it has always been? Defense attorneys ALWAYS talk about any mitigating factors that their imaginations can concoct. (He was intoxicated, abused, temporarily insane, on psychotropic drugs, just following orders, had a bad day, etc.) See almost anything written by Theodore Dalrymple (please!)

My own view is that there are no good apples, only varying degrees of bad ones, i.e. total human depravity. This view best comports with reality. Our innate badness lurks beneath the surface just waiting for life-pressures to reveal (not create) it. That is also why virtue is so very important to cultivate, revere, and practice on a regular basis. One cannot do this from a philosophically materialist or purely secular perspective. Judging the totality of the statements Zimbardo makes, I think he knows this. But he nevertheless cannot ultimately resist seeing human beings as products of inputs and outputs. This makes for a rather schizophrenic (no pun intended) book. He evidently sees humans as basically good but subject to corruption by forces beyond our control. The rest of the book serves as a rationalization and justification of this inaccurate view, leading to contradictions.

“One thesis of this book is that most of us know ourselves only from our limited experiences in familiar situations that involve rules, laws, policies, and pressures that constrain us.”

What, exactly, is being “constrained” and why is said constraint necessary if people are basically “good apples?”

Taking realistic stock of universal human depravity leads to a healthy perspective, since it enables us to see that what we consider (extreme) evil is merely an exaggerated extrapolation of that which lurks within us all. Such a perspective eliminates the stark good-evil dichotomy to which many of us hold and helps us to remember our common lot… Brokenness.
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Paul W.
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Difficult topic, author remains objective.
Reviewed in the United States on February 13, 2017
Part of coursework. It came across as somewhat rationalizing what really is unacceptable behavior whether by groups or the individuals within. The theory seems to rest largely on the phenomena of groupthink or mob mentality as a possible cause of abusive/inhumane acts... See more
Part of coursework. It came across as somewhat rationalizing what really is unacceptable behavior whether by groups or the individuals within. The theory seems to rest largely on the phenomena of groupthink or mob mentality as a possible cause of abusive/inhumane acts within structured environments; in my opinion. The Stanford Prison Experiment seems to further develop upon what was demonstrated in Asch Conformity Exp. and Milgram experiments. The nature/nurture argument continues to be up for debate in society as a whole, I think it may help explore that topic with some objectivity. The Stanford Prison Experiment does shed some light on what may possibly influence people to commit possibly unthinkable acts outside generally acceptable cultural and social norms (cruelty). There is a point as in Pavlov, Milgram, and Stanford Prison experiment(s) where ethical boundaries are blurred in the name of greater understanding of human behavior and that may be open for debate in this case as well as it was stopped. I bought this one used, and was from a 2007 printing, there were references and a few chapters updated to reflect and analyze current events. I assume the newest edition may be edited and updated beyond as well.
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Long term customerTop Contributor: Star Trek
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Read this
Reviewed in the United States on July 27, 2016
A book everyone must read. Let me rephrase- a study every educated person should know about in some detail .Of all the things that have been written about this study, the one I find the most intriguing is that the vast majority of the volunteers hoped to be assigned the... See more
A book everyone must read. Let me rephrase- a study every educated person should know about in some detail .Of all the things that have been written about this study, the one I find the most intriguing is that the vast majority of the volunteers hoped to be assigned the "prisoner role". The guard and the prisoner roles were randomly assigned, during an era when many young people had lifestyles and ideals for which they could conceivably be arrested. As such, a number of volunteers voiced the opinion that "the experiment" would be good practice for them, if they were ever incarcerated, to learn to be strong and conduct themselves with integrity.
What really happened, and how quickly the veneer of civilization wore off as soon as "guard" roles were designated is chilling, but well worth reading.
29 people found this helpful
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Alyssa D.
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
One of the most powerful books I’ve ever read
Reviewed in the United States on October 24, 2018
I first studied Zimbardo and the Stanford Prison Emperiment as a Psych undergrad at Harvard, and now as an adult in graduate studies, it takes on new life. Horribly, terrifyingly applicable here in 2018. I vomited once (Rape of Rwanda) and cried multiple times reading these... See more
I first studied Zimbardo and the Stanford Prison Emperiment as a Psych undergrad at Harvard, and now as an adult in graduate studies, it takes on new life. Horribly, terrifyingly applicable here in 2018. I vomited once (Rape of Rwanda) and cried multiple times reading these stories. 10/10 recommend.
14 people found this helpful
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rozalina gutman
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
This beast of POLICE IMPUNITY from the Dark Ages still dwells near and threats each of us
Reviewed in the United States on December 5, 2020
The work of Philip Zimbardo does not need introduction, and yet, his contribution has incredibly wide implications for the most critical reforms our society is finally becoming ready for. This book provides the invaluable evident insights into the human mind and the... See more
The work of Philip Zimbardo does not need introduction, and yet, his contribution has incredibly wide implications for the most critical reforms our society is finally becoming ready for. This book provides the invaluable evident insights into the human mind and the extensive coverage of the study is both most fascinating as well as revealing of the human nature that is many cases is inclined to misuse the position of power. I applaud Prof. Zimbardo for his daring strive to explore this blind spot the majority of population harbors. Much more is necessary to be done to assure that this scientific data is implemented and IS FOLLOWED WITH COMPLIANCE. Of course, most of population would rather wish to see our governance institutions in the rosy color. But this sobering account informs those who are in charge of the instruments of power and who are in a position to raise the bar and to step up from the barbarism of the Dark Ages, that is still allowed to be present in the form of POLICE IMPUNITY, but most evidently should have no place in the court room. BLM somehow had omitted this key piece of the puzzle that must be achieved to liberate our society from the bluntly legalized justice. And, there is no single individual who does not deserve for this to manifest, since one day those who are poised to victimize can easily be turned into the victims of the same beast, if we allow for it to dwell among us. And this book shows the evidence and explains why and how.
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E. Philips
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Excellent book, with a few caveats
Reviewed in the United States on April 21, 2013
This book is an excellent exploration of the role situational factors impact behavior. It is a frightening read, one that left me evaluating myself, and my ability to detect and defend against situational influences. It is well written, well paced, easy to read, flows well,... See more
This book is an excellent exploration of the role situational factors impact behavior. It is a frightening read, one that left me evaluating myself, and my ability to detect and defend against situational influences. It is well written, well paced, easy to read, flows well, and keeps your attention effectively. But there are two caveats.

Just so you are warned, this Book contains very graphic material. Graphic depictions of Violence, Horrific sexual abuse, and strong language. If you are easily offended, this book may be too much for you.

A second warning regarding the author himself. He does a very good job of calling attention to situational influence. He shows just how much people can be ''corrupted'' by situational factors. He details the results of numerous experiments, and demonstrates the similarities between the experiments and real world events quite effectively.... to a point. Specifically, in Chapter fifteen, as he analyzes Abu Ghraib, and demonstrates how situational forces trumped dispositional qualities in the individuals involved, right up until he gets to the top of the Chain of command. unfortunately, at this point, his personal political views prevent him from completing the situational analysis. This is really too bad, as he does such an excellent job of it up to this point. It would have been so much better if he could have completed the circle. Fortunately, his personal prejudices are relatively easy to spot, and with that knowledge, the attentive reader can work it out on their own. It is certainly not something that detracts from the book, just something to be mindful of so as not to miss the bigger picture.
18 people found this helpful
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karfrica
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Worried that the world is going to hell in a handbasket?
Reviewed in the United States on June 9, 2016
Here''s how to attempt to avoid going along for the ride. Far reaching, motivating and well worth more than one read. I''m taking this one slowly because while the writing is great the subject matter is challenging and thought provoking. I''ll be going back to this one again... See more
Here''s how to attempt to avoid going along for the ride. Far reaching, motivating and well worth more than one read. I''m taking this one slowly because while the writing is great the subject matter is challenging and thought provoking. I''ll be going back to this one again and again. Thanks Dr.Zimbardo for your lifetime of work and thought on this theme.
15 people found this helpful
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Harold Eberhart
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Excellent exploration of good and evil
Reviewed in the United States on February 3, 2016
Excellent exploration of good and evil, especially for those who cannot imagine they could ever do something generally seen as "evil." This book provides historical and multicultural evidence that that masses can generally be persuaded with ideology, language, and... See more
Excellent exploration of good and evil, especially for those who cannot imagine they could ever do something generally seen as "evil." This book provides historical and multicultural evidence that that masses can generally be persuaded with ideology, language, and crisis to join in unbelievable crimes against humanity.

Perhaps more importantly though, this book explores the structures, attitudes, mechanisms, and loci of power which encourage people to forget their higher selves and commit a wide range of atrocities. By utilizing that knowledge you can begin to disarm systems such as schools, law enforcement, and corporate mentalities that lead to the abuse abd murder of other human begins in the name of what is "right."

This book serves as an excellent jumping board to explore our own mental colonization.
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Top reviews from other countries

Mathieu Comarmond
3.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Good start without the happy ending
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on November 12, 2020
This book had started really well and in fact had captivated by the time Zimbardo finished writing about the SPE.. When he went on to write about other experiments, I held on... however, approximately five pages of him ranting against the bush administration and the...See more
This book had started really well and in fact had captivated by the time Zimbardo finished writing about the SPE.. When he went on to write about other experiments, I held on... however, approximately five pages of him ranting against the bush administration and the tortures that occured in prisons operated by US forces in Iraq and I decided to quit. I felt like Zimbardo was trying to force feed me his left wing views and I couldn''t stomach it. By all means, buy the book for the interesting information about social psychology and the systemic effects on men''s psyche but don''t expect a happy ending.
4 people found this helpful
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Michelle
3.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Great subject but so hard to read
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on March 18, 2018
My first book whilst studying psychology. The subject really interests me, however, I found this very hard to read with the tiniest typeface I’ve ever seen used in a book. I have given up halfway through as just reading a few of the 400 odd pages at a time gives me a...See more
My first book whilst studying psychology. The subject really interests me, however, I found this very hard to read with the tiniest typeface I’ve ever seen used in a book. I have given up halfway through as just reading a few of the 400 odd pages at a time gives me a headache
17 people found this helpful
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Ms. Erica Wildwood
1.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Simplisrtic
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on March 7, 2021
I don''t think you can extrapolate a theory of human behaviour from an experiment carried out with just twelve West Coast American college boys - a miniscule unrepresentative example. Zimbardo argues "there are no bad apples, only bad barrels." This may have been a...See more
I don''t think you can extrapolate a theory of human behaviour from an experiment carried out with just twelve West Coast American college boys - a miniscule unrepresentative example. Zimbardo argues "there are no bad apples, only bad barrels." This may have been a popular view in 1971 ("it''s the system, man") but discounts the dark side of human beings. The book is also extremely repetitive and could have been half the size. Bad writing about bad science, leaves a bad taste in the mouth for its defence of the abusers of Abu Ghraib.
3 people found this helpful
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Tobias Rösch
3.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Good read but too much of his experiment
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on July 2, 2018
I expected a lot more from this book to be honest. There are definitely a few things inside which are absolutely worth reading it but the way how Zimbardo is always coming back to his experiment is too much. I would have wished they review more other occasions where good...See more
I expected a lot more from this book to be honest. There are definitely a few things inside which are absolutely worth reading it but the way how Zimbardo is always coming back to his experiment is too much. I would have wished they review more other occasions where good people went bad more deeply. Some very interesting cases are just handled on one page. They would have deserved more attention. Anyway, it is a good book to read but too much of his experiment.
14 people found this helpful
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MihailsKkc
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Mostly,everything about an experiments
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on June 23, 2021
This book just confirms how some of the people have a lack of compassion within of themselves. I don''t even want to try to understand such people for as long as they do not have schizophrenia or any other mental disorder that makes them do such experiments. I do not mean...See more
This book just confirms how some of the people have a lack of compassion within of themselves. I don''t even want to try to understand such people for as long as they do not have schizophrenia or any other mental disorder that makes them do such experiments. I do not mean psychopathy because thats a kind of a different story and I am not willing to excuse them. Some people say that we should respect scientists and no, there are lots of them who does not deserve such privilege.
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